Metamaterial microwave holographic imaging system.

TitleMetamaterial microwave holographic imaging system.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2014
AuthorsJ Hunt, J Gollub, T Driscoll, G Lipworth, A Mrozack, MS Reynolds, DJ Brady, and DR Smith
JournalJournal of the Optical Society of America A
Start Page2109
Pagination2109 - 2119
Date Published10/2014

We demonstrate a microwave imaging system that combines advances in metamaterial aperture design with emerging computational imaging techniques. The flexibility inherent to guided-wave, complementary metamaterials enables the design of a planar antenna that illuminates a scene with dramatically varying radiation patterns as a function of frequency. As frequency is swept over the K-band (17.5-26.5 GHz), a sequence of pseudorandom radiation patterns interrogates a scene. Measurements of the return signal versus frequency are then acquired and the scene is reconstructed using computational imaging methods. The low-cost, frequency-diverse static aperture allows three-dimensional images to be formed without mechanical scanning or dynamic beam-forming elements. The metamaterial aperture is complementary to a variety of computational imaging schemes, and can be used in conjunction with other sensors to form a multifunctional imaging platform. We illustrate the potential of multisensor fusion by integrating an infrared structured-light and optical image sensor to accelerate the microwave scene reconstruction and to provide a simultaneous visualization of the scene.

Short TitleJournal of the Optical Society of America A