Metamaterial apertures for coherent computational imaging on the physical layer.

TitleMetamaterial apertures for coherent computational imaging on the physical layer.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2013
AuthorsG Lipworth, A Mrozack, J Hunt, DL Marks, T Driscoll, D Brady, and DR Smith
JournalJournal of the Optical Society of America A
Volume30
Start Page1603
Issue8
Pagination1603 - 1612
Date Published08/2013
Abstract

We introduce the concept of a metamaterial aperture, in which an underlying reference mode interacts with a designed metamaterial surface to produce a series of complex field patterns. The resonant frequencies of the metamaterial elements are randomly distributed over a large bandwidth (18-26 GHz), such that the aperture produces a rapidly varying sequence of field patterns as a function of the input frequency. As the frequency of operation is scanned, different subsets of metamaterial elements become active, in turn varying the field patterns at the scene. Scene information can thus be indexed by frequency, with the overall effectiveness of the imaging scheme tied to the diversity of the generated field patterns. As the quality (Q-) factor of the metamaterial resonators increases, the number of distinct field patterns that can be generated increases-improving scene estimation. In this work we provide the foundation for computational imaging with metamaterial apertures based on frequency diversity, and establish that for resonators with physically relevant Q-factors, there are potentially enough distinct measurements of a typical scene within a reasonable bandwidth to achieve diffraction-limited reconstructions of physical scenes.

DOI10.1364/josaa.30.001603
Short TitleJournal of the Optical Society of America A